A kingdom established by the Hurrians in the 1500s b.c. in northern Syria and the lands lying between the upper Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Mitanni was called Hani-galbat by the Assyrians, Naharina by the Babylonians, and Naharin by the Egyptians. All of these peoples, along with the Hittites in Anatolia, shared with the Mi-tannians a sort of international balance of power in the Near East from about 1500 to 1300 b.c. During this period, all engaged in diplomacy and/or limited military disputes with one or more of the others.
   Very little of a definite nature is known about Mitanni's leaders, internal history, and society. It appears that Mitannian society was dominated by a chariot-owning warrior class known as the mary-annu, who owned large country estates and bred horses and sheep. Some or all of the members of this class may have been Indo-Europeans, suggesting some sort of cultural or political fusion of that group and the Hurrians in Mitanni. They established a capital at Wassukanni, the location of which remains unknown. The principal god of Mitanni was Teshub, a weather deity similar to the Storm God of the Hittites.
   In the early 1400s the Mitannians tried to expand into southern Syria, which brought them into conflict with the Egyptians. Both sides soon recognized the threat of the Hittites, who also sought control of Syria. So the Mitannian king Sausatatar and the Egyptian pharaoh Thutmose III formed an anti-Hittite alliance in about 1460 b.c. In the century that followed, the Mitannian ruler Tushratta gave his daughter in marriage to the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III.
   It was not long after this royal marriage that Mitanni's fortunes started to wane. The exact events are uncertain, but evidently some kind of dynastic dispute or civil war took place within the country and the Hittites took advantage of the situation. The Hittite king Suppiluliumas I backed one side of the dispute against the other, then invaded northern Mitanni and captured Wassukanni. Mitanni still existed for a while longer, but only as a vassal state of the Hittites. Soon, however, the Assyrians challenged the Hittites by attacking Mitanni from the east. Sometime in the early 1200s b.c. the former Hurrian kingdom was transformed into the Assyrian province of Hanigalbat.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mitanni — (ou Mittani) était un royaume du Proche Orient ancien dont le centre était situé au nord est de la Syrie actuelle, dans le triangle du Khabur, à peu près entre le XVIIe siècle et le XIIIe siècle avant notre ère. Il était peuplé en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MITANNI — Nom d’un vaste empire qui apparaît brusquement au MITANNI XVIe siècle lorsque aux royaumes hourrites et sémitiques qui constellaient la haute Mésopotamie réussirent à s’imposer de nouveaux groupes de Hourrites mêlés à des Indo Aryens. Les noms… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mitanni — (Suesca,Колумбия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Finca mitanni vereda tausaquira, 251040 Suesca, К …   Каталог отелей

  • Mitanni — Map of the near east circa 1400 BCE showing the Kingdom of Mitanni at its greatest extent Ancient Mesopotamia …   Wikipedia

  • Mitanni — Kingdom of Second millenium BC.     The kingdom of Mitanni was one of the major powers Egypt encountered in the Eighteenth Dynasty, first as an enemy and then as an ally. In the second millennium BC, the Hurrians had established several kingdoms… …   Ancient Egypt

  • MITANNI —    A kingdom in northern Syria, centered around the Habur valley. It was called Hanigalbat by the Assyrians and Naharina by the Babylonians. The population of Mitanni was predominantly Hurrian, but the ruling elites were Indo European warriors… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Mitanni — /mi tan ee/, n. the Hurrian kingdom in NW Mesopotamia in the 15th and 14th centuries B.C. * * * Ancient kingdom of upper Mesopotamia. It extended from the Euphrates River nearly to the Tigris River and flourished from about 1500 to 1360 BC.… …   Universalium

  • Mitanni — Mittani/Mitanni/Mittan(n)i oder Hanilgalbat war ein Staat in Nordsyrien. Im 15. und frühen 14. Jahrhundert v. Chr. reichte sein Gebiet von der Grenze Nordmesopotamiens bis in den Norden Syriens. Von der Mitte des 14. Jahrhunderts bis zu seinem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mitanni — El pueblo Mitanni se ubica cronológicamente en el segundo mileno antes de nuestra era, surgiendo en la escena histórica de forma tan fugaz como intensa. El estado Mitanni llegó a adquirir una gran importancia en torno al 1600 adC, debido a su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • mitanni — mə̇ˈtanē noun (plural mitanni or mitannis) Usage: usually capitalized 1. a. : an ancient Subaraean people with an Indo Iranian ruling class having a kingdom in northern Mesopotamia that was dominant in Mesopotamia and northern Syria from the end… …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”